The Day – January 14

The Day – January 14

Holidays and observances

The Day – USA: January 14

National Dress Up Your Pet Day
National Hot Pastrami Sandwich Day
Ratification Day
National Vision Board Day – Second Saturday in January
National Caesarean Section Day
National Feast of the Ass
International Kite Day
National Organize Your Home Day
National Ratification Day
National Take a Missionary to Lunch Day

The Day in US History: January 14

Treaty of Paris Ratified

Cartoon of a bucking horse
The Horse America, Throwing His Master,
Published by William White,
Angel Court, Westminster,
London, England
August 1, 1779.
Prints & Photographs Online Catalog

The Continental Congress ratified the Treaty of Paris on January 14, 1784, officially establishing the United States as an independent and sovereign nation. The Continental Congress approved preliminary articles of peace on April 15, 1783. The treaty, signed in Paris on September 3, 1783, required Congress to return the ratified document to England within six months.

Although Congress was scheduled to convene at the Maryland State House in November, as late as January 12 only seven of the thirteen states were legally represented. Operating under the weak Articles of Confederation, Congress lacked the power to enforce attendance. With the journey to England requiring approximately two months, time was running short.

Annapolis, Maryland. Maryland State Capitol I
Maryland State Capitol,
Annapolis, Maryland,
Theodor Horydczak, photographer,
circa 1920-1950.
Washington as It Was: Photographs by Theodor Horydczak, 1923-1959

Delegates continued to trickle in. Connecticut representatives presented their credentials to Congress on January 13, leaving the convention one delegate shy of a quorum. Richard Beresford of South Carolina left his sickbed in Philadelphia for Annapolis, and, after his arrival, the vote was taken.

The Treaty of Paris granted the United States territory as far west as the Mississippi River, but reserved Canada to Great Britain. Fisheries in Newfoundland remained available to Americans and navigation of the Mississippi River was open to both parties. Congress promised to recommend states return confiscated loyalist property, but they had no power to enforce this demand. Creditors in both countries were free to pursue collection of debts.

For additional insight into this period of American history visit the following American Memory Collections:

The Day in History – January 14-External Links

The Day’s Weather in History
The Day in Earthquake History
This Day in Naval History
The Day’s Document from the National Archives
The Day’s Events, Births & Deaths –Wikipedia
The Day in History by AP
On this Day -1950 to 2005 – The Day’s Story–BBC
On This Day: The New York Times
This Day in History –History.com
The Day in Canadian History – Canada Channel
History of Britain that took place On This Day
Russia in History –Russiapedia