The Day – July 10

The Day – July 10

Holidays and observances

The Day – USA: July 10

National Clerihew Day
National Pina Colada Day
National Don’t Step on a Bee Day
National Piña Colada Day
National Pick Blueberries Day
National Teddy Bear Picnic Day

The Day in US History: July 10

Lord Jelly Roll

Jelly Roll Morton
Jelly Roll Morton,
hand-colored photograph,
Nesuhi Ertegun Collection.
American Treasures of the Library of Congress

Legendary jazz pianist and composer Jelly Roll Morton died in Los Angeles on July 10, 1941. His musical innovations accelerated the development of jazz.

Born Ferdinand Joseph La Menthe in New Orleans, Louisiana on October 20, 1890, Morton began playing piano as a child. At age twelve he worked nightspots in the city’s Storyville district. Between 1904 and 1917, Morton crisscrossed the nation playing minstrel and vaudeville shows. Billing himself as “Jelly Roll” Morton, by 1910 his style embraced a range of influences from ragtime and popular music to blues and spirituals.

French Market
French Market,
New Orleans, Louisiana,
copyright 1906.
Touring Turn-of-the-Century America: Photographs from the Detroit Publishing Company, 1880-1920

After five successful years in Los Angeles, Morton moved to Chicago in 1923. Leading an ensemble called Red Hot Peppers, his recordings won national popularity. A master of composition, Morton disciplined jazz with careful rehearsal and arrangement while retaining opportunities for improvisation. The orchestral style he pioneered flourished, but by the 1930s, Morton’s sound seemed outdated and his popularity declined.

Down on his luck, Jelly Roll Morton moved to Washington, D.C., where he managed a jazz club. There, Alan Lomax, assistant-in-charge of the Library of Congress Archive of American Folk Song (now the Archive of Folk Culture, American Folklife Center) encountered Morton and persuaded him to participate in a series of oral history interviews documenting the origins of jazz.

With Morton seated at the piano in the Library’s Coolidge Auditorium, Lomax recorded over eight hours of Morton’s music and reminiscences. Immediately recognized as an invaluable resource for musicologists, folklorists, and jazz lovers, the Library of Congress recordings revived Morton’s career. Unfortunately, poor health curtailed his comeback on the music scene.

The Day in History – July 10-External Links

The Day’s Weather in History
The Day in Earthquake History
This Day in Naval History
The Day’s Document from the National Archives
The Day’s Events, Births & Deaths –Wikipedia
The Day in History by AP
On this Day -1950 to 2005 – The Day’s Story–BBC
On This Day: The New York Times
This Day in History –History.com
The Day in Canadian History – Canada Channel
History of Britain that took place On This Day
Russia in History –Russiapedia