The Day – February 18
Holidays and observances
- Christian feast day:
- Earliest day on which Wife’s Day (Konudagur) can fall, while February 24 is the latest; celebrated on Sunday between 18 and 24 February (Iceland)
- National Democracy Day, celebrates the 1951 overthrow of the Rana dynasty (Nepal)
- Dialect Day (Amami Islands, Japan)
- Independence Day (Gambia), celebrates the independence of the Gambia from the United Kingdom in 1965.
- Kurdish Students Union Day (Iraqi Kurdistan)
The Day – USA: February 18
National Battery Day
National Crab Stuffed Flounder Day
National Drink Wine Day
National Cow Milked While Flying in an Airplane Day
National Crab-Stuffed Flounder Day
National Thumb Appreciation Day
The Day in US History: February 18
A City of ruins, —silent, mournful, in deepest humiliation…The band was playing ‘Hail, Columbia,’ and the strains floated through the desolate city, awakening wild enthusiasm in the hearts of the colored people…A Northern reporter’s description of Charleston, South Carolina, on February 18, 1865. Cited in E. B. Long with Barbara Long, Civil War Day by Day: An Almanac 1861-1865 (New York: Da Capo Press, 1971), 640.
The mayor of Charleston, South Carolina, surrendered control of the city to Union Brigadier General Alexander Schimmelfennig at 9:00 a.m. on Saturday, February 18, 1865. With commanding General William T. Sherman‘s arrival imminent, evacuation of the city began on February 17 and continued through the early morning hours of February 18. The city had been under siege since July 10, 1863.
From the Nullification Crisis of 1832-33, to passage of the First Ordinance of Secession on December 20, 1860, South Carolina played a leading role in events leading up to the Civil War. Personified by John C. Calhoun, South Carolina’s long-time senator, the state traditionally defended slavery and states rights. When Confederate troops attacked Fort Sumter in Charleston harbor in April 1861, few could have been surprised that events in South Carolina would push the nation into civil war.
View of Ruined Buildings through Porch of the Circular Church, Charleston, South Carolina, April 1865.
Selected Civil War Photographs
Click on the photograph for a better view of three small African-American children clustered at the column’s base.
American Memory collections are rich in materials on the Civil War.
- President Lincoln’s uncertainty in the face of the crisis at Fort Sumter is revealed in his draft of instructions sent to the officer in command on April 4, 1861. This document is featured in Words and Deeds in American History: Selected Documents Celebrating the Manuscript Division’s First 100 Years.
- Selected Civil War Photographs, includes many images of Charleston during the Civil War. Sherman’s Atlanta campaign and his march to the sea also are included in the collection.
- Search on Charleston in Map Collections to view numerous maps of the city and its harbor as well as that of the state of South Carolina.
- View the following collections for materials in various formats:
- Band Music from the Civil War Era
- Civil War Treasures from the New-York Historical Society
- Civil War Maps
- The Hotchkiss Map Collection
- A Civil War Soldier in the Wild Cat Regiment : selections from the Tilton C. Reynolds Papers
- Washington during the Civil War: the Diary of Horatio Nelson Taft, 1861-1865
- Selected Civil War Photographs and
- The Alfred Whital Stern Collection of Lincolniana
- Read the The Day in History features on:
- General Lee’s evacuation of Richmond and his surrender to Grant;
- Military engagements at Vicksburg, Gettysburg, Nashville, and Antietam;
- Other key figures from the Civil War era such as Jefferson Davis and Mary Todd Lincoln;
- Abraham Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address and the execution of Andersonville Prison’s Henry Wirz.
The Day in History – February 18-External Links
The Day’s Weather in History
The Day in Earthquake History
This Day in Naval History
The Day’s Document from the National Archives
The Day’s Events, Births & Deaths –Wikipedia
The Day in History by AP
On this Day -1950 to 2005 – The Day’s Story–BBC
On This Day: The New York Times
This Day in History –History.com
The Day in Canadian History – Canada Channel
History of Britain that took place On This Day
Russia in History –Russiapedia